Harmanpreet Kaur was in Punjab, to Harmandar Singh Bhullar, a volleyball and basketball player and Satwinder Kaur. Her parents are baptised Sikhs. Her younger sister Hemjeet, is post-graduate in English and works as a assistant professor at Guru Nanak College in Moga. She took to cricket after joining the Gian Jyoti School Academy, 30 kilometres (19 mi) away from her res-idence in Moga, where she trained under Kamaldeesh Singh Sodhi. She moved to Mumbai in 2014 where she began working for the Indian Railways. Harmanpreet was inspired by Virender Sehwag.
She made her ODI debut at age of 20 against arch-rivals Pakistan women’s in March 2009 in the 2009 Women’s Cricket World Cup played at Bradman Oval, Bowral. In the match, she bowled 4 overs conceding 10 runs and also caught Armaan Khan off Amita Shrama.
In June 2009, she made her Twenty20 International debut in the 2009 ICC Women’s World Twenty20 against England women’s at County Ground, Taunton where she scored 8 runs off 7 balls.
She was named as Indian women’s captain for the 2012 Women’s Twenty20 Asia Cup final, as captain Mithali Raj and vice-captain Jhulan Goswami were out because of injuries. She made her debut as captain against Pakistan women’s as India defended 81 runs thus won Asia Cup.
In March 2013, she was named ODI captain of India women’s when Bangladesh women’s toured in India. In the series, Kaur scored her second ODI century in 2nd ODI. Kaur finished the se-ries 195 runs at average of 97.50 with a century and a fifty along with 2 wickets.
In August 2014, she one of the eight debut that played against England women cricket team in a Test match at Sir Paul Getty’s Ground, Wormsley in which she scored 9 and a duck in a match.
In November 2015, she took 9 wickets in a Test match South Africa women cricket team played at Gangothri Glades Cricket Ground, Mysore and helped India to win the match by an innings and 34 runs.
In January 2016, she helped India to win series in Australia as well as scored a 31-ball 46 runs in India’s highest ever chase in T20 internationals. She continued her form in the 2016 ICC Wom-en’s World Twenty20 where she scored 89 runs and took seven wickets in four matches.
In June 2016, she became the first Indian cricketer to be signed by an overseas Twenty20 fran-chise. Sydney Thunder, the Women’s Big Bash League champions, signed her for the 2016–17 season.On July 20 ,2017 she scored 171*(115) against Australia in the 2017 Women’s Cricket World Cup semi-final in Derby. Kaur’s 171* is currently the second-highest score by an Indian batsman in women’s one-day internationals, behind Deepti Sharma’s 188 runs.
In fact,she also now holds the record for the highest individual score for India in Women’s crick-et World Cup history Kaur now holds the record for registering the highest ever individual score as a woman in a knockout stage of a Women’s World Cup match (171*) surpassing the previous record of 107* by Karen Rolton.
Kaur was part of the Indian team to reach the final of the 2017 Women’s Cricket World Cup where the team lost to England by nine runs.